About Gusau

Gusau is a city and Local Government Area located in northwestern Nigeria. It is the capital of Zamfara State in Nigeria.

The LGA has an area of 3,364 km² and a population of 383,162 at the 2006 census.

Gusau,sits just north of a line drawn from Kebbe to Kano, and the town is located on the main railway between Kaura Namoda and Zaria, and it is on a secondary highway between Talata Marfara and Funtua.

Sharia practice was first declared in the city in 1999 by the governor Ahmed Sani (Yariman Bakura) and is still in force.

Gusau, city now has an Emir,  Alh Kabir Mohammad Danbaba which was upgraded from district head Sarkin Katsinan Gusau to Emir by former Governor Ahmad Sani (Yariman Bakura)

 Gusau, is located on the Sokoto River in the savanna region of Nigeria. The river provides access to water supplies during the dry season. Gusau serves as a major industrial center of northern Nigeria. Industries in the city include textile manufacturing, groundnut and tobacco processing, and cotton ginning. The city is active in mining the deposits of gold and diamonds in the surrounding countryside. Gusau is connected by roads and a railroad to other cities in the region; the city also has a regional airport. The city is part of the Hausa-Fulani cultural region of northern Nigeria. It has a substantial Muslim population and contains numerous mosques and Muslim organizations. Archaeological evidence suggests that Gusau was occupied by Old Stone Age (37,000-15,000 years ago) peoples and many quartz tools from this period have been found in the area. Gusau previously served as a leper colony.

Gusau, town,  It grew after the arrival of the railway from Zaria, 105 miles (169 km) southeast, in 1927 and is now a major collecting point for cotton and peanuts (groundnuts) grown in the surrounding area. Although cotton ginning, weaving, and dyeing are long-established local activities, it was not until the late 1960s that a modern textile plant opened in the town. A seed-oil mill and soybean-meal processing plant were also built. Besides cotton, cloth, and peanuts, Gusau exports tobacco (grown in the Sokoto River’s floodplains around Talata Mafara, 48 miles [77 km] northwest), chickens, and goats to Zaria. The town’s Hausa and Fulani peoples also raise cattle, sheep, donkeys, horses, and camels and trade in millet, sorghum, rice, cowpeas, beans, and floodplain-grown vegetables.

Gusau, has an Islāmic women’s teacher-training college, and its hospitals, health office, dispensary, and maternity clinic make it a chief medical center for its part of the state.


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